3 years ago

Molecular basis for unique specificity of human TRAF4 for platelets GPIb{beta} and GPVI [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

Molecular basis for unique specificity of human TRAF4 for platelets GPIb{beta} and GPVI [Biophysics and Computational Biology]
Hyun Ho Park, Seo Yun Kim, Chang Min Kim, Sunghwan Kim, Young-Jin Son

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-receptor associated factor 4 (TRAF4), an adaptor protein with E3-ligase activity, is involved in embryogenesis, cancer initiation and progression, and platelet receptor (GPIb-IX-V complex and GPVI)-mediated signaling for reactive oxygen species (ROS) production that initiates thrombosis at arterial shears. Disruption of platelet receptors and the TRAF4 interaction is a potential target for therapeutic intervention by antithrombotic drugs. Here, we report a crystal structure of TRAF4 (amino acid residues 290∼470) in complex with a peptide from the GPIbβ receptor (amino acid residues 177∼181). The GPIbβ peptide binds to a unique shallow surface composed of two hydrophobic pockets on TRAF4. Further studies revealed the TRAF4-binding motif Arg–Leu–X–Ala. The TRAF4-binding motif was present not only in platelet receptors but also in the TGF-β receptor. The current structure will provide a template for furthering our understanding of the receptor-binding specificity of TRAF4, TRAF4-mediated signaling, and related diseases.

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