4 years ago

Topological phenomena in classical optical networks [Physics]

Topological phenomena in classical optical networks [Physics]
H. J. Kimble, T. Shi, J. I. Cirac

We propose a scheme to realize a topological insulator with optical-passive elements and analyze the effects of Kerr nonlinearities in its topological behavior. In the linear regime, our design gives rise to an optical spectrum with topological features and where the bandwidths and bandgaps are dramatically broadened. The resulting edge modes cover a very wide frequency range. We relate this behavior to the fact that the effective Hamiltonian describing the system’s amplitudes is long range. We also develop a method to analyze the scheme in the presence of a Kerr medium. We assess robustness and stability of the topological features and predict the presence of chiral squeezed fluctuations at the edges in some parameter regimes.

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