5 years ago

Connecting Protein Conformation and Dynamics with Ligand–Receptor Binding Using Three-Color Förster Resonance Energy Transfer Tracking

Connecting Protein Conformation and Dynamics with Ligand–Receptor Binding Using Three-Color Förster Resonance Energy Transfer Tracking
Sean Yu McLoughlin, Navdeep Grover, Mark Kastantin, David Faulón Marruecos, Joel L. Kaar, Daniel K. Schwartz
Specific binding between biomolecules, i.e., molecular recognition, controls virtually all biological processes including the interactions between cells and biointerfaces, both natural and synthetic. Such binding often relies on the conformation of biomacromolecules, which can be highly heterogeneous and sensitive to environmental perturbations, and therefore difficult to characterize and control. An approach is demonstrated here that directly connects the binding kinetics and stability of the protein receptor integrin αvβ3 to the conformation of the ligand fibronectin (FN), which are believed to control cellular mechanosensing. Specifically, we investigated the influence of surface-adsorbed FN structure and dynamics on αvβ3 binding using high-throughput single-molecule three-color Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) tracking methods. By controlling FN structure and dynamics through tuning surface chemistry, we found that as the conformational and translational dynamics of FN increased, the rate of binding, particularly to folded FN, and stability of the bound FN−αvβ3 complex decreased significantly. These findings highlight the importance of the conformational plasticity and accessibility of the arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) binding site in FN, which, in turn, mediates cell signaling in physiological and synthetic environments.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b03978

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b03978

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