3 years ago

Diblock Copolymer Hydrophobicity Facilitates Efficient Gene Silencing and Cytocompatible Nanoparticle-Mediated siRNA Delivery to Musculoskeletal Cell Types

Diblock Copolymer Hydrophobicity Facilitates Efficient Gene Silencing and Cytocompatible Nanoparticle-Mediated siRNA Delivery to Musculoskeletal Cell Types
Dominic W. Malcolm, Kenneth R. Sims, Margaret A. T. Freeberg, Danielle S. W. Benoit, Yuchen Wang, Hani A. Awad
pH-responsive diblock copolymers provide tailorable nanoparticle (NP) architecture and chemistry critical for siRNA delivery. Here, diblock polymers varying in first (corona) and second (core) block molecular weight (Mn), corona/core ratio, and core hydrophobicity (%BMA) were synthesized to determine their effect on siRNA delivery in murine tenocytes (mTenocyte) and murine and human mesenchymal stem cells (mMSC and hMSCs, respectively). NP-mediated siRNA uptake, gene silencing, and cytocompatibility were quantified. Uptake is positively correlated with first block Mn in mTenocytes and hMSCs (p ≤ 0.0005). All NP resulted in significant gene silencing that was positively correlated with %BMA (p < 0.05) in all cell types. Cytocompatibility was reduced in mTenocytes compared to MSCs (p < 0.0001). %BMA was positively correlated with cytocompatibility in MSCs (p < 0.05), suggesting stable NP are more cytocompatible. Overall, this study shows that NP-siRNA cytocompatibility is cell type dependent, and hydrophobicity (%BMA) is the critical diblock copolymer property for efficient gene silencing in musculoskeletal cell types.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biomac.7b01349

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biomac.7b01349

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