3 years ago

Sonochemistry of aqueous NaAuCl4 solutions with C3–C6 alcohols under a noble gas atmosphere

Sonochemistry of aqueous NaAuCl4 solutions with C3–C6 alcohols under a noble gas atmosphere
The effect of the type of C3–C6 alcohol, solution temperature, and dissolved gas on the rate of Au(III) reduction was investigated in NaAuCl4 aqueous alcohol solution with a 200-kHz ultrasound irradiation system. It was confirmed in the presence of C3–C6 alcohol that more highly hydrophobic alcohols more effectively accumulated at the argon bubble interface region, and the reducing radicals formed here. To avoid changes in the bubble temperature during collapsing bubble, the effects of the solution temperature on the rate of Au(III) reduction and on the rate of formation of the gaseous compounds (CO, CO2, CH4, C2H2, C2H4, C2H6) were investigated in the presence of low concentration (1.0-mM) of 1-hexanol. Both of the rates showed a good relationship with the gas solubility: the amount of dissolved gas at different solution temperatures affected the number of high-temperature bubbles formed. The changes in the concentrations of the gaseous compounds formed from 1-hexanol degradation suggested that CO and the pyrolysis radicals acted as reductants. Finally, the effect of the type of dissolved gas was investigated in the presence of 1.0-mM Au(III) and 1.0-mM 1-hexanol. The rates of 1-hexanol degradation, Au(III) reduction, and gaseous compound formation increased in the order He<Ne<Ar<Kr<Xe, and this order was related to the amount of noble gas dissolved in the aqueous solution.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1350417717304455

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