5 years ago

Ag, Co/graphene interactions and its effect on electrocatalytic oxygen reduction in alkaline media

Ag, Co/graphene interactions and its effect on electrocatalytic oxygen reduction in alkaline media
Silver nanoparticles supported on cobalt and nitrogen embedded reduced graphene oxide, Ag/Co-NGr, are synthesized by one-step hydrothermal route with remarkable catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). As-synthesized electrocatalyst exhibits half-wave potential (0.82 V) comparable to commercial Pt/C (0.85 V), specific activity (0.45 mA cm−2) better than commercial Pt/C (0.35 mA cm−2) along with superior stability in alkaline environment (≈95% activity retention after 5000s compared to 80% for Pt/C). Moreover, Ag/Co-NGr is highly tolerant to methanol poisoning during ORR and delivers an excellent specific capacity of 789 mAh.g−1 Zn with energy density of 947 Wh. kg−1 at a current density of 20 mA cm−2 in a Zn-air battery. For the first time, it is proven that particle size refinement and electronic perturbation of Ag nanoparticles take place due to metal-support interactions between Ag and Co/NGr. d-band center of Ag in Ag/Co-NGr upshifts toward the Fermi level with respect to the Ag/NGr as a result of charge transfer between Ag and Co/NGr. The superior catalytic activity and excellent stability of Ag/Co-NGr is attributed to the structural and electronic modification of Ag nanoparticles by Co and N elements on graphene.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0378775317313289

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