5 years ago

Photophysical Properties of Porphyrin Dimer–Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Linked Systems

Photophysical Properties of Porphyrin Dimer–Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Linked Systems
Satoshi Mizuno, Tomokazu Umeyama, Nikolai V. Tkachenko, Jinseok Baek, Hiroshi Imahori
Porphyrin dimers were covalently grafted onto electron-accepting single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) sidewalls by direct aryl radical addition reaction with an m- or p-phenylene linker with the help of π–π interaction between the porphyrins. A splitting of the porphyrin Soret band and DFT calculations supported the selective formation of the porphyrin dimers on the sidewall of SWNTs. Photoexcitation of the porphyrin dimers on the SWNT resulted in the formation of the exciplex state, which directly decayed to the ground state without yielding the complete charge-separated state. Lifetimes of the porphyrin dimer–SWNT exciplex were longer than that of a porphyrin monomer–SWNT exciplex due to the stabilization by π-electron interaction over two porphyrin rings. In addition, the weaker electronic coupling through the meta-linkage than the para-one may be responsible for the exciplex lifetime of the porphyrin dimer–SWNT with the m-phenylene linker (49 ps) longer than that with the p-phenylene one (24 ps). The results obtained here provide the basic information on the effect of the donor dimerization on the photodynamic behavior of the exciplex state in donor–acceptor linked systems.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b08594

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b08594

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