4 years ago

Identification of PTPN1 as a novel negative regulator of the JNK MAPK pathway using a synthetic screening for pathway-specific phosphatases

Sang-Hyun Park, Jain Ha, Jiyoung Moon
The mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascades transmit extracellular stimulations to generate various cellular responses via the sequential and reversible phosphorylation of kinases. Since the strength and duration of kinase phosphorylation within the pathway determine the cellular response, both kinases and phosphatases play an essential role in the precise control of MAPK pathway activation and attenuation. Thus, the identification of pathway-specific phosphatases is critical for understanding the functional mechanisms by which the MAPK pathway is regulated. To identify phosphatases specific to the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) MAPK pathway, a synthetic screening approach was utilized in which phosphatases were individually tethered to the JNK pathway specific-JIP1 scaffold protein. Of 77 mammalian phosphatases tested, PTPN1 led to the inhibition of JNK pathway activation. Further analyses revealed that of three pathway member kinases, PTPN1 directly dephosphorylates JNK, the terminal kinase of the pathway, and negatively regulates the JNK MAPK pathway. Specifically, PTPN1 appears to regulate the overall signaling magnitude, rather than the adaptation timing, suggesting that PTPN1 might be involved in the control and maintenance of signaling noise. Finally, the negative regulation of the JNK MAPK pathway by PTPN1 was found to reduce the tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα)-dependent cell death response.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-13494-x

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-13494-x

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