3 years ago

Prognostic Value of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Tissue Characterization in Risk Stratifying Patients With Suspected Myocarditis

Prognostic Value of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Tissue Characterization in Risk Stratifying Patients With Suspected Myocarditis
Diagnosing myocarditis is challenged by nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms and low accuracy of endomyocardial biopsy. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) provides both cardiac anatomy and tissue characterization in this setting, but the prognostic value of this method as a primary assessment tool in patients with suspected myocarditis remains limited. Objectives This study sought to determine cardiac event-free survival of a consecutive cohort with suspected myocarditis with regard to CMR findings. Methods Six hundred seventy patients with suspected myocarditis underwent CMR including late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) parameters between 2002 and 2015 and were included and followed. We performed multivariable model for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and determined the continuous net reclassification improvement by LGE markers. Results At a median follow-up of 4.7 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 2.3 to 7.3 years), 98 patients experienced a MACE. Two hundred ninety-four (44%) patients showed LGE presence, which was associated with a more than doubling risk of MACE (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.22; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.47 to 3.35; p < 0.001). Annualized MACE rates were 4.8% and 2.1% corresponding to LGE presence and absence, respectively (p < 0.001). In the multivariable model, LGE presence maintained significant association with MACE (HR: 1.72; 95% CI: 1.08 to 2.76; p = 0.023). The computed continuous net reclassification improvement was 0.39 (95% CI: 0.10 to 0.67) when LGE presence was added to the multivariable model for MACE. Regarding location and pattern, septal and midwall LGE showed strongest associations with MACE (HR: 2.55; 95% CI: 1.77 to 3.83 and HR: 2.39; 95% CI: 1.54 to 3.69, respectively; both p < 0.001). A patchy distribution portended to a near 3-fold increased hazard to MACE (HR: 2.93; 95% CI: 1.79 to 4.80; p < 0.001). LGE extent (per 10% increase) corresponded to a 79% increase in risk of MACE (HR: 1.79; 95% CI: 1.25 to 2.57; p = 0.002). A normal CMR study corresponded to low annual MACE and death rates of 0.8% and 0.3%, respectively. Conclusions CMR tissue characterization provides effective risk stratification in patients with suspected myocarditis.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0735109717393828

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.