4 years ago

Interaction of cruciferin-based nanoparticles with Caco-2 cells and Caco-2 /HT29-MTX co-cultures

Interaction of cruciferin-based nanoparticles with Caco-2 cells and Caco-2 /HT29-MTX co-cultures
The objective of this work was to assess the potential of Cruciferin/Calcium (Cru/Ca) and Cruciferin/Chitosan (Cru/Cs) nanoparticles for oral drug delivery. For this purpose, Cru/Ca and Cru/Cs nanoparticles were developed through cold gelation of Cruciferin, a major canola protein, and in interaction with calcium and chitosan, respectively. The extent and rate of particle uptake in Caco-2 cells and Caco-2/HT29 co-culture was then evaluated by fluorescence spectroscopy as well as flow cytometry. Through pre-incubation of Caco-2 cell monolayer with specific endocytosis inhibitors, the mechanism of cell uptake was investigated. Our results showed that the uptake of negatively-charged Cru/Ca particles to be ∼3 times higher than positively-charged Cru/Cs ones by Caco-2 cells. Presence of mucus secreted by HT29 cells in their co-culture with Caco-2 had negligible influence on the uptake and transport of both particles. In contrast to Cru/Ca particles which were dissociated in the simulated gastrointestinal conditions, digestion of Cru/Cs particles resulted in 6- and 2-fold increase in the cellular uptake and transport of encapsulated coumarin in the latter particles, respectively. While the presence of mucus in Caco-2/HT29 co-culture caused 40-50% decrease of cellular uptake and transport for coumarin encapsulated in digested Cru/Cs particles, it had no significant effect on the cell uptake and transport of coumarin associated with Cru/Ca particles after digestion. Energy-dependent mechanisms were the dominant mechanism for uptake of both undigested and digested particles. Therefore, in Caco-2/HT29 co-culture which closely simulated intestinal epithelial cells, undigested Cru/Ca and Cru/Cs particles had the ability to penetrate mucus layers, while digested Cru/Cs particles showed mucoadhesive property, and digested Cru/Ca particles were dissociated. Our results points to a potential for cruciferin based nanoparticles for oral drug delivery. Statement of significance The long-term objective of this research is to investigate the potential of edible and safe biopolymer in enhanced oral delivery of drugs and/or vaccines. Here, we investigated the potential application of nanoparticles based on a protein extracted from Canola seeds, i.e., cruciferin, for oral delivery of a model small molecule, i.e., coumarin, through cells representing gastrointestinal epithelium, Caco-2 and Caco-2/HT29 cell monolayer. This study was completed for intact cruciferin nanoparticles and cruciferin coated chitosan nanoparticles, before and after digestion with gastric or intestine simulating fluids. This comparison was useful to understand the fate the cruciferin based particles in digestive mucosal tissues and their potential mucoadhesive and/or mucus-penetrating property.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1742706117306311

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