3 years ago

Clinical and radiographic outcomes after total shoulder arthroplasty with an anatomic press-fit short stem

There is limited information assessing outcomes after total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) with a press-fit short stem. The purpose of this study was to evaluate early clinical and radiographic outcomes and complications after TSA with an anatomic press-fit short stem. Methods We identified 118 TSAs completed with press-fit short stem and minimum 2-year follow-up; 85 of these patients had a grit-blasted (GB) short stem placed, whereas 33 patients had short stems with proximal porous coating (PPC). Shoulder function scores, active mobility measurements, and radiographs were assessed. Results The average age at surgery was 66.7 years, with average follow-up of 3 years. Significant improvements were noted for all shoulder function scores and active mobility measurements from the preoperative state to final follow-up (P < .001). There was no stem loosening in any patients with minimum 2-year follow-up; however, 3 female patients with GB stems had gross loosening of their humeral components before 1 year, 2 requiring revision. Radiolucent lines around the humeral component were found in 5.9% without evidence of loosening. Osseous resorption at the medial cortex was noted in 9.3%. Of patients with PPC stems, no patients were observed to have radiolucent lines compared with 8.2% in the GB group (P = .09). Conclusion TSAs with anatomic press-fit short stem showed significant clinical improvements from the preoperative state to final short-term follow-up, with few complications and minimal radiographic changes. Lack of PPC may contribute to early loosening in patients with poor bone quality. The authors now use a short stem with PPC.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1058274617305189

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