Ex Situ Hepatectomy and Liver Autotransplantation for Cholangiocarcinoma
Hepatic resection of tumors invading the retrohepatic vena cava and hepatic veins are a challenge for surgeons, who consider them unresectable most of the time.1 , 2 Ex situ hepatectomy and liver autotransplantation has developed to improve resectability of these malignancies.3,4
The patient was a 51-year-old man who had jaundice secondary to a intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma 7 cm in diameter in the right lobe of the liver and the caudate lobe. A volumetric scan showed a future liver remnant (segments 2 and 3) not sufficient according to the body weight. The patient was considered to be unresectable by conventional resection due to the critical invasion to the retrohepatic vena cava together with the three hepatic veins. Therefore, an ex vivo extended right hepatectomy and autotransplantation were indicated.
The patient underwent biliary decompression through a percutaneous transhepatic catheter and right portal vein embolization for left lobe hypertrophy. During the surgery, the liver was removed with the retrohepatic vena cava, which was replaced by a prosthetic graft without a veno-venous bypass. Ex vivo extended right hepatectomy was performed, and a prosthetic graft was used to replace the vena cava where the remaining left hepatic vein was anastomosed. The surgery duration was 9 h, and the anhepatic time was 4.5 h. The postoperative hospital stay was 19 days, and at this writing, 3 years later, the patient is disease-free.
Ex vivo hepatectomy without veno-venous bypass should be considered a valid therapeutic option for selected patients with cholangiocarcinoma invading the retrohepatic vena cava.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1245/s10434-017-6104-z
Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.
Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.