Isolated Limb Perfusion and Infusion for Extremity Soft Tissue Sarcoma: A Contemporary Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Isolated limb perfusion (ILP) and isolated limb infusion (ILI) have been variably used in recent years for the treatment of locally advanced or marginally resectable extremity soft tissue sarcomas (STSs). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of contemporary studies to further characterize treatment patterns and outcomes.
PubMed was queried for articles published in or after the year 2000, in the English language, with > 10 patients, and with adequate outcome data following ILP/ILI. Descriptive aggregate statistics were performed.
Nineteen studies that met the inclusion criteria were identified, with a total of 1288 patients. Weighted mean patient age was 55.9 years and 52% were male. The majority underwent ILP (88%) versus 12% for ILI, and chemotherapeutic regimens used were as follows: (1) melphalan with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α (78%), (2) melphalan ± actinomycin (10%), and (3) other regimens (12%). Most common histologies treated were malignant fibrous histiocytoma (21%), liposarcoma (16%), synovial (11%) and leiomyosarcoma (7%). Aggregate overall response rate (ORR) post-procedure was 73.3%, with 25.8% demonstrating a complete response (CR). Similar unadjusted ORRs were noted in the melphalan treatment groups with and without TNFα (72.0 and 67.0%, respectively; p = 0.27). Grade III toxicity was observed in 15.4% of patients, and grade IV/V toxicity was observed in 6.0% of patients. Overall limb salvage rate was 73.8% and median time to local (in-field) progression ranged from 4 to 28 months (weighted median 22.1 months).
ILP and ILI for extremity STS can be safely performed with appreciable response rates and significant limb salvage rates. Further study is needed to identify optimal treatment regimens by histology.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1245/s10434-017-6109-7
Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.
Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.