3 years ago

<i>Streptococcus gallolyticus</i> subsp. <i>gallolyticus</i> promotes colorectal tumor development

Ritesh Kumar, Chris Mackenzie, Robert S. Chapkin, Evelyn Callaway, Jennifer L. Herold, Jennifer Davis, Barbara E. Murray, Deborah Schady, Wan-Mohaiza Dashwood, Scott Kopetz, Fang Han, Yi Xu, Tia Berry, Margarita Martinez-Moczygemba, Roderick H. Dashwood, Yu Li

by Ritesh Kumar, Jennifer L. Herold, Deborah Schady, Jennifer Davis, Scott Kopetz, Margarita Martinez-Moczygemba, Barbara E. Murray, Fang Han, Yu Li, Evelyn Callaway, Robert S. Chapkin, Wan-Mohaiza Dashwood, Roderick H. Dashwood, Tia Berry, Chris Mackenzie, Yi Xu

Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus (Sg) has long been known to have a strong association with colorectal cancer (CRC). This knowledge has important clinical implications, and yet little is known about the role of Sg in the development of CRC. Here we demonstrate that Sg promotes human colon cancer cell proliferation in a manner that depends on cell context, bacterial growth phase and direct contact between bacteria and colon cancer cells. In addition, we observed increased level of β-catenin, c-Myc and PCNA in colon cancer cells following incubation with Sg. Knockdown or inhibition of β-catenin abolished the effect of Sg. Furthermore, mice administered with Sg had significantly more tumors, higher tumor burden and dysplasia grade, and increased cell proliferation and β-catenin staining in colonic crypts compared to mice receiving control bacteria. Finally, we showed that Sg is present in the majority of CRC patients and is preferentially associated with tumor compared to normal tissues obtained from CRC patients. These results taken together establish for the first time a tumor-promoting role of Sg that involves specific bacterial and host factors and have important clinical implications.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1006440

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.