5 years ago

Mas-related G-protein coupled receptors and cowhage-induced itch.

Azimi, Chu, Lerner, Reddy
Cowhage is routinely used in human studies of histamine-independent itch. As such, it is of interest to understand its mechanism of action. The active component of cowhage is a cysteine protease called mucunain. As serine proteases can activate members of the protease-activated receptor (PAR) family to induce itch and pain, the mechanism of action of mucunain and cathepsin S, a human cysteine protease, were likewise thought to be through activation of PARs. The demonstration that cathepsin S activates members of the Mas-related G-protein coupled receptor family to induce itch led us to evaluate the activity of mucunain on these receptors. We find that mucunain activates the human receptors MRPGRX1 and MRGPRX2 and induces degranulation of human mast cells. These findings indicate that Mrgprs may be involved in itch induced by cowhage.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jid.2017.05.042

DOI: 10.1016/j.jid.2017.05.042

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