3 years ago

Revealing Surface Elemental Composition and Dynamic Processes Involved in Facet-Dependent Oxidation of Pt3Co Nanoparticles via in Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy

Revealing Surface Elemental Composition and Dynamic Processes Involved in Facet-Dependent Oxidation of Pt3Co Nanoparticles via in Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy
Ruqian Wu, George W. Graham, Xingxu Yan, Wenpei Gao, Sheng Dai, Yusheng Hou, Masatoshi Onoue, Xiaoqing Pan, Shuyi Zhang
Since catalytic performance of platinum–metal (Pt–M) nanoparticles is primarily determined by the chemical and structural configurations of the outermost atomic layers, detailed knowledge of the distribution of Pt and M surface atoms is crucial for the design of Pt–M electrocatalysts with optimum activity. Further, an understanding of how the surface composition and structure of electrocatalysts may be controlled by external means is useful for their efficient production. Here, we report our study of surface composition and the dynamics involved in facet-dependent oxidation of equilibrium-shaped Pt3Co nanoparticles in an initially disordered state via in situ transmission electron microscopy and density functional calculations. In brief, using our advanced in situ gas cell technique, evolution of the surface of the Pt3Co nanoparticles was monitored at the atomic scale during their exposure to an oxygen atmosphere at elevated temperature, and it was found that Co segregation and oxidation take place on {111} surfaces but not on {100} surfaces.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01325

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01325

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