5 years ago

Combining valgus knee brace and lateral foot wedges reduces external forces and moments in osteoarthritis patients

Osteoarthritis progression can be related to the external knee adduction and flexion moments during walking. Lateral foot wedges and knee braces have been used as treatment for osteoarthritis, but little is known about their influence on knee joint moments generated in the sagittal and frontal planes. Therefore, the aim of the present study was determine the effects of the isolated and combined use of valgus knee brace and lateral wedge foot orthotic on peak forces and moments during gait in knee osteoarthritis patients. Twenty four males (age: 62.1±2.0years) with varus alignment, symptomatic medial compartment knee osteoarthritis participated in this study. Subjects walked over ground at preferred speed in four conditions: (1) no assistive device (control); (2) using lateral wedges, (3) using knee braces, and (4) using both lateral wedges and knee braces. Ground reaction forces (GRF) and moments, as well as lower limb kinematics were recorded. Peak GRF, vertical loading rate, free moment, external knee adduction and flexion moments were compared across conditions. The concurrent use of lateral wedge and knee brace reduced the first peak GRF in the vertical (6%, p=0.002), anterior-posterior (30%, p=0.028) and medial-lateral directions (44%, p=0.029). Moreover, the use of these devices reduced the peak external knee adduction moment (25%, p=0.019), but not the external flexion moment and free moment (p>0.05). The combined use of lateral wedges and knee braces can reduce medial-lateral knee joint loading, but despite reduced peak forces in the sagittal plane, these device do not reduce joint moments.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0966636217309608

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