3 years ago

Molecular characterization and verification of azido 3,8-dideoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid incorporation into bacterial lipopolysaccharide.

Six, Nilsson, Grove, Lapointe, Dovala, Uehara
3-Deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid (Kdo) is an essential component of LPS in the outer leaflet of the Gram-negative bacterial outer membrane. While labeling of Escherichia coli with the chemical reporter 8-azido-3,8-dideoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid (Kdo-N3) has been reported, its incorporation into LPS has not been directly shown. We have now verified Kdo-N3 incorporation into E. coli LPS at the molecular level. Using PAGE analysis, we show that Kdo-N3 is localized to the outer membrane and specifically incorporates into rough and deep-rough LPS. In an E. coli strain lacking endogenous Kdo biosynthesis, supplementation with exogenous Kdo restored full length core-LPS, which suggests that the Kdo biosynthetic pathways might not be essential in vivo in the presence of sufficient exogenous Kdo. In contrast, exogenous Kdo-N3 only restored a small fraction of core LPS with the majority incorporated into truncated LPS. The truncated LPS were identified as Kdo-N3-lipid IVA and (Kdo-N3)2-lipid IVA by MS analysis. The low level of Kdo-N3 incorporation could be partly explained by a 6-fold reduction in the specificity constant of the CMP-Kdo synthase KdsB with Kdo-N3 compared with Kdo. These results indicate that the azido moiety in Kdo-N3 interferes with its utilization and may limit its utility as a tracer of LPS biosynthesis and transport in E. coli We propose that our findings will be helpful for researchers using Kdo and its chemical derivatives for investigating LPS biosynthesis, transport, and assembly in Gram-negative bacteria.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M117.814962

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M117.814962

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