3 years ago

Fabrication and Characterization of Surfaces Modified with Carboxymethylthio Ligands for Chelate-Assisted Trapping of Copper

Fabrication and Characterization of Surfaces Modified with Carboxymethylthio Ligands for Chelate-Assisted Trapping of Copper
Jörg Rappich, John O. Adongo, Klaus Rademann, Silvia Janietz, Iver Lauermann, Tilmann J. Neubert, Guoguang Sun
The metal ion chelating property was conferred onto silicon (Si) and gold (Au) surfaces by direct electrografting of the 4-[(carboxymethyl)thio]benzenediazonium cation (4-CMTBD). Infrared spectroscopic ellipsometry showed the presence of characteristic phenyl and carbonyl vibrational bands on the functionalized surfaces as a proof of existence of surface-bound organic units of 4-[(carboxymethyl)thio]benzene, (4-CMTB). The loss of diazonium group (N≡N+) upon electrografting of 4-CMTBD was investigated using IR spectroscopy. A Faradaic efficiency of about 18.8–20.0% was realized in mass deposition experiments for grafting 4-CMTB on the Au surface using an electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance technique. Raman spectroscopy performed on the Si–(4-CMTB) surface after treatment with copper (Cu) ion solution provided evidence of metal ion chelation based on an observed v(Cu–O) peak at about 487 cm–1 and a v(Cu–S) signal at about 267 cm–1. The binding of Cu ions by the chelating ligands also caused a red shift of about 10 cm–1 in the Raman spectrum of the Si–(4-CMTB)–Cu surface within the spectral region, characteristic of the v(C–O) signal. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy investigations showed indications of the Cu(II) ion species chelated by the surface-bound carboxymethylthio ligands. The functionalized surface, Si–(4-CMTB), constitutes an alternative metal ion chelating surface that may potentially be developed for applications in trace-level trapping of Cu ions.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b05131

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b05131

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