4 years ago

Quantifying Technetium and Strontium Bioremediation Potential in Flowing Sediment Columns

Quantifying Technetium and Strontium Bioremediation Potential in Flowing Sediment Columns
managing.editor@est.acs.org (American Chemical Society)
The high-yield fission products 99Tc and 90Sr are found as problematic radioactive contaminants in groundwater at nuclear sites. Treatment options for radioactively contaminated land include bioreduction approaches, and this paper explores 99mTc and 90Sr behavior and stability under a range of biogeochemical conditions stimulated by electron donor addition methods. Dynamic column experiments with sediment from the Sellafield nuclear facility, completed at site relevant flow conditions, demonstrated that Fe(III)-reducing conditions had developed by 60 days. Sediment reactivity toward 99Tc was then probed using a 99mTc(VII) tracer at <10–10 mol L–1 and γ camera imaging showed full retention of 99mTc in acetate amended systems. Sediment columns were then exposed to selected treatments to examine the effects of different acetate amendment regimes and reoxidation scenarios over 55 days when they were again imaged with 99mTc. Here, partially oxidized sediments with no further electron donor additions remained reactive toward 99mTc under relevant groundwater O2 and NO3 concentrations over 55 days. Immobilization of 99mTc was highest where continuous acetate amendment had resulted in sulfate-reducing conditions. Interestingly, the sulfate reducing system showed enhanced Sr retention when stable Sr2+ was added continuously as a proxy for 90Sr. Overall, sediment reactivity was nondestructively imaged over an extended period to provide new information about dynamic iron and radionuclide biogeochemistry throughout realistic sediment redox cycling regimes.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b02652

DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.7b02652

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