4 years ago

Interactive effects of PAHs with different rings and As on their uptake, transportation, and localization in As hyperaccumulator

Xiaoyong Liao, Zeying Wu, Xiulan Yan, Xuegang Gong, Xu Ma


In order to illuminate the mechanism of the interaction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) with different benzene rings and arsenic (As) in As hyperaccumulator, Pteris vittata L., the uptakes of PAHs were investigated using hydroponics simulation and localizations of PAHs in the plant were determined using two-photon laser scanning confocal microscopy (TPLSCM). The results showed that the total As concentration in different parts of P. vittata decreased in the presence of PAHs with increased numbers of benzene rings: 38.0–47.4% for benzo(a)pyrene (BaP, five rings), 20.5–35.9% for pyrene (PYR, four rings), and 13.7–16.6% for fluorine (FLU, three rings). BaP and PYR concentrations increased, while FLU concentration decreased in the presence of As. The results of TPLSCM revealed that PAHs distributed in epidermal cells of roots, xylem, and endothelial cells of rachis, epidermis, and stomatal cells of pinnae; however, the fluorescence intensity of BaP and PYR were higher than FLU significantly in plant. This study provided important basis to further research on interactive effects of PAHs and As in the P. vittata. These findings were important to understand the mechanisms of PAH and As translocation and distribution by P. vittata.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-017-0419-y

DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-0419-y

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