4 years ago

Rhinovirus viremia in adult patients with high viral load in bronchoalveolar lavages

In children, rhinovirus viremia has been associated with higher nasopharyngeal loads and increase in severity of clinical signs and symptoms. Objectives This study aims to detect rhinovirus viremia in adult patients and to establish potential correlations with the clinical course. Study design Adult patients with rhinovirus strongly positive bronchoalveolar lavages (BAL, quantitation cycle, Cq values <25) detected between 2008-2014 were studied retrospectively. Blood sampled between two weeks before and two weeks after BAL sampling was tested for rhinovirus RNA. Underlying conditions, symptoms, radiography, microbiological data, and disease outcome were analysed. Results Twenty-seven of 43 patients with rhinovirus positive BAL at Cq values <25 had blood samples available within the prespecified time-frame (mean blood 3-4 samples per patient). Four of these 27 patients (15%) tested rhinovirus RNA positive in their blood (of whom one patient twice). Genotyping demonstrated rhinovirus A01, A24, B52 and B92 in these four immunocompromised patients. Viremic patients were not significantly different with regard to underlying conditions, respiratory symptoms, radiological findings, co-pathogens nor the number of blood samples tested for RV. However, patients with rhinovirus viremia had significant higher mortality rates compared to patients without viremia, as all four died as a consequence of respiratory problems (100%) versus 22% (5/23), p=0.007 (Fisher’s exact). Conclusions Rhinovirus viremia can occur in adult patients with a high viral load in BAL fluid. Rhinovirus viremia may be considered a negative prognostic factor, although a causative role with regard to the adverse outcome has yet to be demonstrated.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1386653217302834

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