3 years ago

Retinal pulse wave velocity measurement using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography

Lin Li, Chuanqing Zhou, Shanhui Fan, Xinyu Chai, Cuixia Dai, Qian Li
The human eyes provide a natural window for noninvasive measurement of the pulse wave velocity (PWV) of small arteries. By measuring the retinal PWV, the stiffness of small arteries can be assessed, which may better detect early vascular diseases. Therefore, retinal PWV measurement has attracted increasing attention. In this study, a jump-scanning method was proposed for non-invasive measurement of retinal PWV using spectral-domain OCT. The jump-scanning method uses the phase-resolved Doppler OCT to obtain the pulse shapes. To realize PWV measurement, the jump-scanning method extracts the transit time of the pulse wave from an original OCT scanning site to another through a transient jump. The measured retinal arterial PWV of a young human subject with normal blood pressure was in the order of 20-30 mm/s, which was consistent with previous studies. As a comparison, PWV of 50 mm/s was measured for a young human subject with prehypertension, which was in accordance with the finding of strong association between retinal PWV and blood pressure. In summary, it is believed the proposed jump-scanning method could benefit the research and diagnosis of vascular diseases through the window of human eyes

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jbio.201700163

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