4 years ago

Noncoding RNA Surveillance: The Ends Justify the Means

Noncoding RNA Surveillance: The Ends Justify the Means
Soyeong Sim, Cedric Belair, Sandra L. Wolin
Numerous surveillance pathways sculpt eukaryotic transcriptomes by degrading unneeded, defective, and potentially harmful noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs). Because aberrant and excess ncRNAs are largely degraded by exoribonucleases, a key characteristic of these RNAs is an accessible, protein-free 5′ or 3′ end. Most exoribonucleases function with cofactors that recognize ncRNAs with accessible 5′ or 3′ ends and/or increase the availability of these ends. Noncoding RNA surveillance pathways were first described in budding yeast, and there are now high-resolution structures of many components of the yeast pathways and significant mechanistic understanding as to how they function. Studies in human cells are revealing the ways in which these pathways both resemble and differ from their yeast counterparts, and are also uncovering numerous pathways that lack equivalents in budding yeast. In this review, we describe both the well-studied pathways uncovered in yeast and the new concepts that are emerging from studies in mammalian cells. We also discuss the ways in which surveillance pathways compete with chaperone proteins that transiently protect nascent ncRNA ends from exoribonucleases, with partner proteins that sequester these ends within RNPs, and with end modification pathways that protect the ends of some ncRNAs from nucleases.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.7b00462

DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.7b00462

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.