3 years ago

Programmed Cell Death Protein Ligand-1 Silencing with Polyethylenimine–Dermatan Sulfate Complex for Dual Inhibition of Melanoma Growth

Programmed Cell Death Protein Ligand-1 Silencing with Polyethylenimine–Dermatan Sulfate Complex for Dual Inhibition of Melanoma Growth
Sun Hwa Kim, Yoon Yeo, Sun Young Wang, Gijung Kwak, In-San Kim, Gi-hoon Nam, Ick-Chan Kwon, Dongkyu Kim
Programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) is a prominent immune checkpoint receptor interacting with its ligand, programmed cell death protein ligand-1 (PD-L1, B7-H1). The PD-1/PD-L1 interaction induces functional exhaustion of tumor-reactive cytotoxic T cells and, thus, interferes with antitumor T-cell immunity. In addition, PD-1/PD-L1 interaction promotes tumorigenesis via the mTOR signaling pathway in a group of cancers including melanoma. Based on the dual functions of PD-1/PD-L1 interactions in tumor progression, we hypothesize that siRNA targeting PD-L1 (siPD-L1) will suppress melanoma growth, acting on both immune checkpoint and intrinsic tumorigenesis pathways. We tested this hypothesis by delivering siPD-L1 with a polymeric carrier (“pd”) consisting of disulfide-cross-linked polyethylenimine (CLPEI) and dermatan sulfate (DS), which we previously found to have a specific interaction with CD146-positive B16F10 melanoma cells. The siPD-L1/pd suppressed the expression of PD-L1 in the interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-challenged B16F10 melanoma cells in a cell-type dependent manner and attenuated the expression of tumor-specific genes in B16F10 cells. siPD-L1/pd suppressed the B16F10 melanoma growth in C57BL/6 immune-competent mice with increased tumor-specific immunity. siPD-L1/pd also suppressed melanoma growth in immune-compromised nude mice. Both animals showed a positive correlation between PD-L1 and p-S6k (a marker of mTOR pathway activation) expression in tumors. These results indicate that the siPD-L1/pd complex attenuates melanoma growth in both T-cell-dependent and independent mechanisms.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b04717

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b04717

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.