3 years ago

Stimulus-Responsive Plasmonic Chiral Signals of Gold Nanorods Organized on DNA Origami

Stimulus-Responsive Plasmonic Chiral Signals of Gold Nanorods Organized on DNA Origami
Li Zhang, Chao Liu, Yuefeng Shi, Xinghua Shi, Qiao Jiang, Minghua Liu, Jianbing Liu, Hui Wang, Qing Liu, Jiashu Sun, Baoquan Ding, Pengfei Zhan, Zhen-Gang Wang
In response to environmental variations, living cells need to arrange the conformational changes of macromolecules to achieve the specific biofunctions. Inspired by natural molecular machines, artificial macromolecular assemblies with controllable nanostructures and environmentally responsive functions can be designed. By assembling macromolecular nanostructures with noble metal nanoparticles, environmental information could be significantly amplified and modulated. However, manufacturing dynamic plasmonic nanostructures that are efficiently responsive to different stimuli is still a challenging task. Here we demonstrate a stimulus-responsive plasmonic nanosystem based on DNA origami-organized gold nanorods (GNRs). L-shaped GNR dimers were assembled on rhombus-shaped DNA origami templates. The geometry and chiral signals of the GNR nanoarchitectures respond to multiple stimuli, including glutathione reduction, restriction enzyme action, pH change, or photoirradiation. While the glutathione reduction or restriction enzyme caused irreversible changes in the plasmonic circular dichroism (CD) signals, both pH and light irradiation triggered reversible changes in the plasmonic CD. Our system transduces external stimuli into conformational changes and circular dichroism responses in near-infrared (NIR) wavelengths. By this approach, programmable optical reporters for essential biological signals can be fabricated.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03946

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03946

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