5 years ago

Al2O3 Encapsulated Teflon Nanostructures with High Thermal Stability and Efficient Antireflective Performance

Al2O3 Encapsulated Teflon Nanostructures with High Thermal Stability and Efficient Antireflective Performance
Weipeng Wang, Zhengjun Zhang, Zheng Xie, Sadaf Bashir Khan, Hui Wu
Scientific advancement is highly inspired and imitative of natural phenomenon’s, which exhibits extremely developed and well-organized nanostructures to cope with challenges under different environmental circumstances, such as moth eyes protuberances for efficient antireflective (AR) performance. Innovative researches have been performed in the past to exterminate the undesirable reflectance in common optical components and optoelectronic industrial applications by biomimetic and replicating moth eye nanostructures creating gradient effect using metal oxides, composites, or polymers in multilayer AR coatings. However, in few multilayer AR designs, the properties mismatch at interfaces, high cost, low mechanical durability, wetting issues, or thermal stability bounds their practical applicability. Herein, we develop an approach for fabricating efficient, high-performance Teflon (polytetrafluoroethylene [PTFE]) AR nanostructures for glass-based supporting materials. Nanotailoring, the morphology and structure of PTFE, have been efficaciously carried out for fabricating high-performance AR coatings according to predicted optical simulation. The total reflectance from polymer AR coating lessens to <0.05% in a visible wavelength range which according to our best knowledge seems to be the superior AR performance by a polymer coating ever reported. Furthermore, the fabricated polymer AR coatings are omnidirectional, mechanically durable, and thermally stable up to 200 °C. Moreover, we modify and tune the refractive index of PTFE from 1.34 to 1.156 by inducing porosity and changing deposition angle.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b12903

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b12903

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