3 years ago

One-Pot Synthesis of Concave Platinum–Cobalt Nanocrystals and Their Superior Catalytic Performances for Methanol Electrochemical Oxidation and Oxygen Electrochemical Reduction

One-Pot Synthesis of Concave Platinum–Cobalt Nanocrystals and Their Superior Catalytic Performances for Methanol Electrochemical Oxidation and Oxygen Electrochemical Reduction
Tao Yang, Mingyan Wang, Hong Zhao, Yanxia Ma, Qingli Huang, Dongen Zhang, Maoshuai He, Lisi Yin, Zhiwei Tong
Exploring highly efficient electro-catalysts is of significant urgency for the widespread uptake of the direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs). Pt–Co nanocrystals have attracted considerable attentions because of their superior catalytic performance toward both methanol oxidation and oxygen reduction in the preliminary assessments. This Research Article presents a Pt–Co bimetal catalyst that is synthesized through a facile coreduction strategy. The Pt–Co nanocrystals have concave cubic shape with a high uniform size of 7–9 nm and Pt-rich surfaces. The catalysis of the concave cubic Pt–Co nanoparticles toward both methanol electrochemical oxidation reaction (MOR) and oxygen electrochemical reduction reaction (ORR) is evaluated. In comparison with the commercial Pt/C catalyst (Johnson Matthey), the present concave cubic Pt–Co catalyst displays superior performances in not only catalytic activity but also durability. The concave Pt–Co catalyst also shows higher activities than spherical and cubic Pt–Co nanoparticles. The dramatic enhancement is mainly attributed to its alloyed composition, Pt-rich surface and the concave nanostructure. The results of our research indicate that the concave Pt–Co nanocrystal could be a promising catalyst for both MOR and ORR. The present work might also raise more concerns on exploiting morphology and composition of nanocrystal catalysts, which are expected to provide high catalytic performance in electrochemical reactions.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b10209

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b10209

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