4 years ago

(101) Plane-Oriented SnS2 Nanoplates with Carbon Coating: A High-Rate and Cycle-Stable Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries

(101) Plane-Oriented SnS2 Nanoplates with Carbon Coating: A High-Rate and Cycle-Stable Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries
Yongqiang Teng, Xiwang Chang, Jiejun Fang, Zijia Zhang, Zhaolin Li, Zhihong Du, Lina Zhao, Hailei Zhao, Konrad Świerczek, Xuefei Du
Tin disulfide is considered to be a promising anode material for Li ion batteries because of its high theoretical capacity as well as its natural abundance of sulfur and tin. Practical implementation of tin disulfide is, however, strongly hindered by inferior rate performance and poor cycling stability of unoptimized material. In this work, carbon-encapsulated tin disulfide nanoplates with a (101) plane orientation are prepared via a facile hydrothermal method, using polyethylene glycol as a surfactant to guide the crystal growth orientation, followed by a low-temperature carbon-coating process. Fast lithium ion diffusion channels are abundant and well-exposed on the surface of such obtained tin disulfide nanoplates, while the designed microstructure allows the effective decrease of the Li ion diffusion length in the electrode material. In addition, the outer carbon layer enhances the microscopic electrical conductivity and buffers the volumetric changes of the active particles during cycling. The optimized, carbon coated tin disulfide (101) nanoplates deliver a very high reversible capacity (960 mAh g–1 at a current density of 0.1 A g–1), superior rate capability (796 mAh g–1 at a current density as high as 2 A g–1), and an excellent cycling stability of 0.5 A g–1 for 300 cycles, with only 0.05% capacity decay per cycle.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b11113

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b11113

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