4 years ago

Superionic Conductivity of Sm3+, Pr3+, and Nd3+ Triple-Doped Ceria through Bulk and Surface Two-Step Doping Approach

Superionic Conductivity of Sm3+, Pr3+, and Nd3+ Triple-Doped Ceria through Bulk and Surface Two-Step Doping Approach
Yixiao Cai, Wei Zhang, Liangdong Fan, Yanyan Liu, Baoyuan Wang, Bin Zhu
Sufficiently high oxygen ion conductivity of electrolyte is critical for good performance of low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (LT-SOFCs). Notably, material conductivity, reliability, and manufacturing cost are the major barriers hindering LT-SOFC commercialization. Generally, surface properties control the physical and chemical functionalities of materials. Hereby, we report a Sm3+, Pr3+, and Nd3+ triple-doped ceria, exhibiting the highest ionic conductivity among reported doped-ceria oxides, 0.125 S cm–1 at 600 °C. It was designed using a two-step wet-chemical coprecipitation method to realize a desired doping for Sm3+ at the bulk and Pr3+/Nd3+ at surface domains (abbreviated as PNSDC). The redox couple Pr3+/Pr4+ contributes to the extraordinary ionic conductivity. Moreover, the mechanism for ionic conductivity enhancement is demonstrated. The above findings reveal that a joint bulk and surface doping methodology for ceria is a feasible approach to develop new oxide-ion conductors with high impacts on advanced LT-SOFCs.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b02224

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b02224

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