3 years ago

MgZnO/ZnO Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Photodetectors Fabricated by Radio Frequency Sputtering

MgZnO/ZnO Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Photodetectors Fabricated by Radio Frequency Sputtering
C. M. Chu, C. C. Yang, J. D. Hwang
MgZnO/ZnO two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) structures with ZnO annealed at various temperatures (600–900 °C) and photodetectors (PDs) with and without a 2DEG structure were fabricated using a radio frequency magnetron sputtering system. It was found that the carrier concentration and mobility increase with the annealing temperature owing to the improved crystalline in ZnO; however, high-temperature (800 °C or higher) annealing can degrade the crystalline of the ZnO layer. Hall measurements showed that compared with that of bulk ZnO, the sheet carrier concentration of the 2DEG sample increased from 1.3 × 1013 to 1.2 × 1014 cm–2, and the mobility was enhanced from 5.1 to 17.5 cm2/V s. This is because the channel layer is the total thickness (300 nm) in bulk ZnO, whereas the carriers are confined to a 45 nm region beneath the MgZO layer in the 2DEG sample, confirming the 2DEG behavior at the MgZnO/ZnO interface. The PDs with 2DEG structures demonstrate a higher ultraviolet (UV) response and a UV/visible rejection ratio that is six times larger than that of the PDs without a 2DEG structure. The 2DEG structure also induces a photocurrent gain, which results in a 240% quantum efficiency for the 310 nm incident wavelength. The related mechanism is elucidated with a band diagram.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b03201

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b03201

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