3 years ago

Replacement of oxidizable residues predicted by QM-MM simulation of a fungal laccase generates variants with higher operational stability

Replacement of oxidizable residues predicted by QM-MM simulation of a fungal laccase generates variants with higher operational stability
In this work, we sought to obtain a more stable laccase with higher operational stability for the oxidation of phenols. During this reaction, phenoxy free radicals are produced that gradually inactivate the enzyme; the inactivation rate depends on the phenol chemical nature. In order to predict residues prone to oxidize within the active site, we simulated activated states of the catalytic region of a fungal laccase using QM-MM tools. After simulating the electron distribution in both the basal and activated state (plus or minus one electron) of several conformations of Coriolopsis gallica laccase, residues that could be susceptible to oxidation were identified, according to the values of spin density obtained from calculations. Three targets were selected (F357, F413, and F475) to be replaced by site-directed mutagenesis with less oxidizable residues such as leucine, alanine, and isoleucine. The resulting variants displayed a higher specific activity (from 1.5-to 4-fold) than the parental enzyme. Catalyst depletion during phenol oxidation was 2.5-fold lower for the variants, reflecting a higher operational stability.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0162013417304683

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