5 years ago

Determination of chemical identity and occupancy from experimental density maps

Jimin Wang
Three basic electronic properties of molecules, electron density (ED), charge density (CD), and electrostatic potentials (ESP), are dependent on both atomic mobility and occupancy of components in the molecules. Small protein subunits may bind large macromolecular complexes with a reduced occupancy or an increased atomic mobility or both due to affinity-based functional regulation, and so may substrates, products, cofactors, ions or solvent molecule to the active sites of enzymes. A quantitative theory is presented in this study that describes the dependence of atomic functions on atomic B-factor in Fourier transforms of the corresponding maps. An application of this theory is described to an experimental ED map at 1.73-Å resolution, and to an experimental CD map at 2.2-Å resolution. All the three density functions are linearly proportional to occupancy when the structure factor F(000) term of Fourier transforms of experimental density maps is included. Upon application of this theory to both experimental CD and ESP maps recently reported for photosystem II-light harvesting complex II supercomplex at 3.2-Å resolution, the occupancy of two extrinsic protein subunits PsbQ and PsbP is determined to be 20.4±0.2%, and the negative mean ESP value of vitreous ice displaced by the supercomplex on electron scattering path is estimated to be 3% of the mean ESP value of protein α-helices. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/pro.3325

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