5 years ago

Site-directed fluorescence labeling of intrinsically disordered region of human transcription factor YY1. The inhibitory effect of zinc ions

Andrzej Górecki, Marta Dziedzicka-Wasylewska, Adam Kazimierz Górka
Site-specific labeling of proteins with fluorescent dyes allows the study of protein structure and function using a wide variety of fluorescent techniques. However, specific labeling is not trivial in the case of proteins containing multiple cysteine residues. An example of such a protein is transcription factor Yin Yang 1, which comprises eight cysteine residues in four C2H2 type zinc fingers in the C-terminal region. Kinetic measurements of the labeling process allowed us to develop preparative labeling of three cysteine residues differently introduced to the N-terminal, disordered fragment of the protein. The protocol developed in the present study allows to prepare the protein with high recovery yield and high selectivity of the labeling. This was confirmed using proteolytic digestion and spectroscopic approach. The labeling process was significantly affected by the presence of zinc ions and was dependent on the localization of the engineered cysteine residue. This is the first known example of the use of cysteine metal protection and labeling (CyMPL) technology for the labeling of protein regions with no stable secondary structures. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/pro.3323

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