5 years ago

Inhibition of intestinal ascorbic acid uptake by lipopolysaccharide is mediated via transcriptional mechanism(s)

Inhibition of intestinal ascorbic acid uptake by lipopolysaccharide is mediated via transcriptional mechanism(s)
Ascorbic acid (AA) accumulation in intestinal epithelial cells is an active transport process mainly mediated by two sodium-dependent vitamin C transporters (SVCT-1 and SVCT-2). To date, little is known about the effect of gut microbiota generated lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on intestinal absorption of water-soluble vitamins. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the effects of bacterially-derived LPS on AA homeostasis in enterocytes using Caco-2 cells, mouse intestine and intestinal enteroids models. Pre-treating Caco-2 cells and mice with LPS led to a significant decrease in carrier-mediated AA uptake. This inhibition was associated with a significant reduction in SVCT-1 and SVCT-2 protein, mRNA, and hnRNA expression. Furthermore, pre-treating enteroids with LPS also led to a marked decrease in SVCT-1 and SVCT-2 protein and mRNA expression. Inhibition of SVCT-1 and SVCT-2 occurred at least in part at the transcriptional level as promoter activity of SLC23A1 and SLC23A2 was attenuated following LPS treatment. Subsequently, we examined the protein and mRNA expression levels of HNF1α and Sp1 transcription factors, which are needed for basal SLC23A1 and SLC23A2 promoter activity, and found that they were significantly decreased in the LPS treated Caco-2 cells and mouse jejunum; this was reflected on level of the observed reduction in the interaction of these transcription factors with their respective promoters in Caco-2 cells treated with LPS. Our findings indicate that LPS inhibits intestinal carrier- mediated AA uptake by down regulating the expression of both vitamin C transporters and transcriptional regulation of SLC23A1 and SLC23A2 genes.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0005273617303206

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.