4 years ago

Conductivity Optimization of Tysonite-type La1–xBaxF3–x Solid Electrolytes for Advanced Fluoride Ion Battery

Conductivity Optimization of Tysonite-type La1–xBaxF3–x Solid Electrolytes for Advanced Fluoride Ion Battery
Alexander Herald Pohl, Harshita Bhatia, Maximilian Fichtner, Duc Tho Thieu, Venkata Sai K. Chakravadhanula, Christian Kübel, Mohammed H. Fawey
Use of lithium ion batteries is currently the method of choice when it comes to local stationary storage of electrical energy. In the search for an alternative system, fluoride ion batteries (FIBs) emerge as a candidate due to their high theoretical capacity, and no lithium is needed for its operation. To improve the cycling performance and lower the working temperature of a solid-state battery, one of the critical components is the electrolyte, which needs advanced performance. This paper aims at developing an electrolyte with enhanced ionic conductivity for fluoride ions, to be used in a FIB. Tysonite La1–xBaxF3–x (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.15) solid solutions were synthesized by a facile wet chemical method, and its ionic conductivity was analyzed using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. A composition study shows that the conductivity reaches a maximum of 1.26 × 10–4 S·cm–1 at 60 °C for the La0.95Ba0.05F2.95 pellet sintered at 800 °C for 20 h, which is 1 order of magnitude higher than that for the as-prepared pellet and 2 times higher than the conductivity of sintered ball-milled batches. The reason for this dramatic increment is the more efficient decrement of grain boundary resistance upon sintering. Morphological, chemical, and structural characterizations of solid electrolytes were studied by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy , energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, physisorption by the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller method, and transmission electron microscopy. Electrochemical testing was carried out for the FIB cell using La0.95Ba0.05F2.95 as electrolyte due to its highest conductivity among the compositions, Ce as anode, and BiF3 as a cathode. The cycling performance was found to be considerably improved when compared to our earlier work, which used the ball-milled electrolyte.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b04936

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b04936

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