5 years ago

Targeting Osteocytes to Attenuate Early Breast Cancer Bone Metastasis by Theranostic Upconversion Nanoparticles with Responsive Plumbagin Release

Targeting Osteocytes to Attenuate Early Breast Cancer Bone Metastasis by Theranostic Upconversion Nanoparticles with Responsive Plumbagin Release
Qiming Fan, Han Qiao, An Qin, Shengbing Yang, Tingyu Wang, Ying Yang, Xiao-Peng He, Wenbo Bu, Zhaowen Cui, Xiuguo Han, Tingting Tang, Dingkun Ji, Yugang Wang
The early detection and thus treatment of breast cancer bone metastasis remain a big challenge clinically. As the most abundant cells within bone tissue, osteocytes have been found to manipulate the activity of early cancer bone metastasis by its crosstalk with cancer cells and osteoclasts. However, conventional bone-targeting nanomedicine has limited bone-lesion specificity and ignores the vital role of osteocytes during breast cancer bone metastasis. Also, it lacks detailed insight into the therapeutic mechanisms, which hinders the following translational practice. Previously, we have shown that a combination of zoledronic acid (ZA) and plumbagin (PL) synergistically alleviates cancer-induced bone destruction. Herein, we further develop a pH-responsive bone-targeting drug delivery system, i.e., the ZA-anchored bimodal mesoporous slica covered gadolinium(III) upconversion nanoparticles loaded with PL, to detect and treat bone metastasis sensitively and specifically at an early stage. This multifunctional nanosystem can target osteocytes to release PL as controlled by pH, decreasing osteocytic RANKL expression synergistically through the structural simulation of adenosine phosphate, which competitively inhibits the phosphorylation of osteocytic protein kinase-a, cAMP-response element binding protein, extracellular regulated protein kinase, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase. More importantly, by establishing a breast cancer bone metastasis mice model via intracardiac injection, we show that tumoriogenesis and osteoclastogenesis can both be attenuated significantly. We thereby realize the effective theranostics of tiny bone metastasis in breast cancer bone metastasis. Our work highlights the significance of theranostic nanomedicine and osteocyte-targeting therapy in the treatment of early bone metastasis, which could be applied in achieving efficient theranostic effects for other bone diseases.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b03197

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b03197

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