4 years ago

Danger signals: Chemotherapy enhancers?

Thaiz Rivera Vargas, Lionel Apetoh
Endogenous danger signals are molecules normally present in a given cell compartment that are rapidly released following cell stress and induce immune responses. We and others have shown that dying tumor cells treated with some chemotherapies are able to induce anticancer immune responses, which rely on their release of danger signals such as the nuclear protein HMGB1. DNA can also be released from chemotherapy-treated tumor cells, act as a danger signal, and boost anticancer immunity. While the immunostimulatory properties of DNA have been identified for decades, the recent discovery of a novel family of receptors, cytosolic DNA sensors, has provided a novel impetus not only to understand how chemotherapy can trigger anticancer immune responses but also to exploit DNA-derived molecules for therapeutic use. We will here discuss the molecular characteristics of endogenous danger signals released from chemotherapy-treated tumor cells and focus on the clinical relevance of using these danger signals in chemoimmunotherapeutic strategies against cancer.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/imr.12581

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.