5 years ago

Outcomes After Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

To identify the risk factors predicting unsatisfactory postoperative clinical outcomes after double-bundle (DB) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using multivariate logistic regression. Methods Inclusion criteria were consecutive DB ACL reconstructions from January 2006 to September 2012 with a minimum 3-year follow-up. Exclusion criteria included (1) a delay to surgery from initial injury of more than 4 years (210 weeks); (2) contralateral knee pathology; (3) the lack of postoperative 3-dimensional computed tomography; (4) single-bundle ACL reconstruction; (5) revision ACL reconstruction; (6) meniscus allograft transplantation after total or subtotal meniscectomy; (7) multiple ligament surgeries. According to the overall International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) rating at the last follow-up, we sorted all enrolled subjects into superior (IKDC grade A or B) and inferior outcome groups (IKDC grade C or D). Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze risk factors, including age, gender, body mass index, time from injury to surgery, posterior tibial slope, notch width index, cartilage injury, meniscus injury, and femoral and tibial tunnel positions. Results In comparison between the superior outcome group (n = 240) and inferior outcome group (n = 50), anterior (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0.902, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.846-0.962) or distal (adjusted OR: 1.025, 95% CI: 1.006-1.060) femoral anteromedial tunnel position was a significant risk factor for the inferior outcomes. Partial meniscectomy of medial (adjusted OR: 49.002, 95% CI: 7.047-340.717) or lateral (adjusted OR: 14.974, 95% CI: 2.181-102.790) meniscus and delayed time from injury to surgery (adjusted OR: 1.062, 95% CI: 1.023-1.102) were also a significant predictor. Conclusion Anterior or distal anteromedial femoral tunnel position, partial meniscectomy of medial or lateral meniscus, and prolonged surgical delay of more than 11.5 weeks from injury were significant risk factors for the inferior clinical outcomes after DB ACL reconstruction. Level of Evidence Level III, retrospective therapeutic case series.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0749806317307995

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