3 years ago

Lactate Promotes Synthetic Phenotype in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells.

Geng, Young, Zhou, Gao, Johnson, Nickel, Henke, Gourley, Gilbertsen, Zhang, Yang
Rationale: The phenotypes of vascular smooth-muscle cells (vSMCs) comprise a continuum bounded by predominantly contractile and synthetic cells. Some evidence suggests that contractile vSMCs can assume a more synthetic phenotype in response to ischemic injury, but the mechanisms that activate this phenotypic switch are poorly understood. Objective: To determine whether lactate, which increases in response to regional ischemia, may promote the synthetic phenotype in vSMCs. Methods and Results: Experiments were performed with vSMCs that had been differentiated from human induced pluripotent stem cells and then cultured in glucose-free, lactate-enriched (L(+)) medium or in standard (L(-)) medium. Compared to the L(-) medium, the L(+) medium was associated with significant increases in synthetic vSMC marker expression, proliferation, and migration, and with significant declines in contractile and apoptotic activity. Furthermore, these changes were accompanied by increases in the expression of monocarboxylic acid transporters (MCT) and were generally attenuated both by the blockade of MCT activity and by transfection with iRNA for N-myc downstream regulated gene (NDRG). Proteomics, biomarker, and pathway analyses suggested that the L(+) medium tended to upregulate the expression of synthetic vSMC markers, the production of extracellular proteins that participate in tissue construction or repair, and the activity of pathways that regulate cell proliferation and migration. Observations in hypoxia-cultured vSMCs were similar to those in L(+) cultured vSMCs, and assessments in a swine myocardial infarction model suggested that measurements of lactate levels, lactate dehydrogenase levels, vSMC proliferation, and MCT and NDRG expression were greater in the ischemic zone than in nonischemic tissues. Conclusions: These results demonstrate for the first time that vSMCs assume a more synthetic phenotype in a microenvironment that is rich in lactate. Thus, mechanisms that link glucose metabolism to vSMC phenotypic switching could play a role in the pathogenesis and treatment of cardiovascular disease.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.117.311819

DOI: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.117.311819

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.