5 years ago

ThPP1 gene, encodes an inorganic pyrophosphatase in Thellungiella halophila, enhanced the tolerance of the transgenic rice to alkali stress

Xiaori Han, Shengcai Huang, Guohong Yu, Bing Wang, Wei Li, Jiao Han, Xianguo Cheng, Rui He


Key message

An inorganic pyrophosphorylase gene, ThPP1 , modulated the accumulations of phosphate and osmolytes by up-regulating the differentially expression genes, thus enhancing the tolerance of the transgenic rice to alkali stress (AS).


Inorganic pyrophosphorylase is essential in catalyzing the hydrolysis of pyrophosphate to inorganic phosphate during plant growth. Here, we report the changes of physiological osmolytes and differentially expression genes in the transgenic rice overexpressing a soluble inorganic pyrophosphatase gene ThPP1 of Thellungiella halophila in response to AS. Analyses showed that the ThPP1 gene was a PPase family I member which is located to the cytoplasm. Data showed that the transgenic lines revealed an enhanced tolerance to AS compared to the wild type, and effectively increased the accumulations of inorganic phosphate and organic small molecules starch, sucrose, proline and chlorophyll, and maintained the balance of osmotic potential by modulating the ratio of Na+/K+ in plant cells. Under AS, total 379 of differentially expression genes were up-regulated in the leaves of the transgenic line compared with control, and the enhanced tolerance of the transgenic rice to the AS seemed to be associated with the up-regulations of the osmotic stress-related genes such as the L-type lectin-domain containing receptor kinase (L-type LecRK), the cation/H+ antiporter gene and the vacuolar cation/proton exchanger 1 gene (CAX1), which conferred the involvements in the biosynthesis and metabolic pathways. Protein interaction showed that the ThPP1 protein specifically interacted with a 16# target partner of the photosystem II light-harvesting-Chl-binding protein. This study suggested that the ThPP1 gene plays an important regulatory role in conferring the tolerance of the transgenic rice to AS, and is an effective candidate in molecular breeding for crop cultivation of the alkali tolerance.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00299-017-2208-y

DOI: 10.1007/s00299-017-2208-y

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.