4 years ago

Binding of rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus-like particles to host histo-blood group antigens is blocked by antisera from experimentally vaccinated rabbits

Houjun Wei, Mengmeng Chen, Rulong Qiu, Yuanyuan Zuo, Yanhua Song, Zhiyu Fan, Bo Hu, Jiabin Xue, Fang Wang


During infection host histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs) act as attachment factors that interact with rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) and participate in the infectious process. In the present study, baculovirus expressing recombinant RHDV capsid protein (VP60r) as a vaccine immunogen was used to test its antigenicity and immunogenicity via immunization experiments. Each group of rabbits immunized with VP60r was found to be fully protected against RHDV challenge. The duration of immunity of the vaccine following the inoculation of a single dose was determined to be at least 240 days. RHDV-specific humoral responses in antisera from inoculated rabbits were analyzed using VP60r virus-like particle (VLP)-based ELISA. Anti-VP60-specific antibody was produced by 7 days post-primary immunization. Following this stage, the levels of this antibody increased steadily, peaking at 90 days and maintaining a high level until 240 days. We developed a synthetic carbohydrate assay to detect blockage in attachment of RHDV VLPs to HBGAs by the rabbit antisera. On day 7 post-immunization, serum samples were demonstrated to block the binding of H type 2 to RHDV VLPs, with a blocking rate of almost 60%, a value that then increased steadily over time. From day 60 to day 240 post-immunization, serum samples completely blocked the binding of H type 2 to RHDV VLPs, with a blocking rate of almost 100%. This indicated that VP60-induced antibodies neutralize the interaction of RHDV with HBGAs.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00705-017-3509-8

DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3509-8

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