3 years ago

Anomalous Polarized Raman Scattering and Large Circular Intensity Differential in Layered Triclinic ReS2

Anomalous Polarized Raman Scattering and Large Circular Intensity Differential in Layered Triclinic ReS2
Na Zhang, Nannan Mao, Jin Zhang, Lianming Tong, Shishu Zhang, Juanxia Wu
The Raman tensor of a crystal is the derivative of its polarizability tensor and is dependent on the symmetries of the crystal and the Raman-active vibrational mode. The intensity of a particular mode is determined by the Raman selection rule, which involves the Raman tensor and the polarization configurations. For anisotropic two-dimensional (2D) layered crystals, polarized Raman scattering has been used to reveal the crystalline orientations. However, due to its complicated Raman tensors and optical birefringence, the polarized Raman scattering of triclinic 2D crystals has not been well studied yet. Herein, we report the anomalous polarized Raman scattering of 2D layered triclinic rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and show a large circular intensity differential (CID) of Raman scattering in ReS2 of different thicknesses. The origin of CID and the anomalous behavior in polarized Raman scattering were attributed to the appearance of nonzero off-diagonal Raman tensor elements and the phase factor owing to optical birefringence. This can provide a method to identify the vertical orientation of triclinic layered materials. These findings may help to further understand the Raman scattering process in 2D materials of low symmetry and may indicate important applications in chiral recognition by using 2D materials.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b05321

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b05321

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