3 years ago

Diversity of Isomerization Patterns and Protolytic Forms in Aminocarbene PdII and PtII Complexes Formed upon Addition of N,N′-Diphenylguanidine to Metal-Activated Isocyanides

Diversity of Isomerization Patterns and Protolytic Forms in Aminocarbene PdII and PtII Complexes Formed upon Addition of N,N′-Diphenylguanidine to Metal-Activated Isocyanides
Alexander Yu. Ivanov, Anastasiia Yu. Ananyan, Mikhail A. Kinzhalov, Peter M. Tolstoy, Matti Haukka, Vadim Yu. Kukushkin, Pavel V. Gushchin, Vadim P. Boyarskiy, Andrey A. Zolotarev, Semen S. Zlotsky, Svetlana A. Katkova, Alexander S. Novikov
Reaction of the palladium(II) and platinum(II) isocyanide complexes cis-[MCl2(CNR)2] [M = Pd, R = C6H3(2,6-Me2) (Xyl), 2-Cl-6-MeC6H3, cyclohexyl (Cy), t-Bu, C(Me)2CH2(Me)3 (1,1,3,3-tetramethylbuth-1-yl abbreviated as tmbu); M = Pt, R = Xyl, 2-Cl-6-MeC6H3, Cy, t-Bu, and tmbu] with N,N′-diphenylguanidine (DPG) leads to DPG-derived metal-bound deprotonated acyclic diaminocarbene (ADC) species. This reaction occurs via a two-step process, involving the initial coupling of the guanidine with one of the isocyanides and leading to deprotonated monocarbene monochelated species, while the next addition grants the deprotonated bis-carbene bis-chelated metal compounds. DPG behaves as nucleophile, deprotonating base, and chelator. The addition of DPG proceeded with different regioselectivity depending on the metal center and, in a larger extent, on the substituent R in RNCs. The X-ray diffraction studies for the deprotonated mono- and bis-carbene complexes confirmed the regioisomerism of these species and allowed the identification of ADC protolytic forms stabilized in the solid-state. 1D (1H and 13C{1H}) and 2D (1H,1H-NOESY; 1H,15N-HSQC; 1H,15N-HMBC) solution NMR of the obtained systems demonstrated their configuration isomerism accompanied by prototropic tautomerism. Together, the solid-state and solution data provide an insight into the flexible character of ADC species.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.organomet.7b00569

DOI: 10.1021/acs.organomet.7b00569

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