3 years ago

Electrochemically Mediated Reversible Addition–Fragmentation Chain-Transfer Polymerization

Electrochemically Mediated Reversible Addition–Fragmentation Chain-Transfer Polymerization
Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Yi Wang, Sangwoo Park, Liye Fu, Marco Fantin, Eric Gottlieb
An electrochemically mediated reversible addition–fragmentation chain-transfer polymerization (eRAFT) of (meth)acrylates was successfully carried out via electroreduction of either benzoyl peroxide (BPO) or 4-bromobenzenediazonium tetrafluoroborate (BrPhN2+) which formed aryl radicals, acting as initiators for RAFT polymerization. Direct electroreduction of chain transfer agents was unsuccessful since it resulted in the formation of carbanions by a two-electron-transfer process. Reduction of BrPhN2+ under a fixed potential showed acceptable control but limited conversion due to the generation of a passivating organic layer grafted on the working electrode surface. However, by use of fixed current conditions, easier to implement than fixed potential conditions, conversions >80% were achieved. Well-defined homopolymers and block copolymers with a broad range of targeted degrees of polymerization were prepared.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.7b02005

DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.7b02005

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