5 years ago

Redox Active Binary Logic Gate Circuit for Homeland Security

Redox Active Binary Logic Gate Circuit for Homeland Security
Manasa Nambiar, Alagar Raja Kottaichamy, Mruthyunjayachari Chattanahalli Devendrachari, Ravikumar Thimmappa, Kavita Kadlag, Musthafa Ottakam Thotiyl, Zahid Manzoor Bhat, Shambhulinga Aralekallu, Pramod Gaikwad, Shahid Pottachola Shafi
Bipolar junction transistors are at the frontiers of modern electronics owing to their discrete voltage regulated operational levels. Here we report a redox active binary logic gate (RLG) which can store a “0” and “1” with distinct operational levels, albeit without an external voltage stimuli. In the RLG, a shorted configuration of half-cell electrodes provided the logic low level and decoupled configuration relaxed the system to the logic high level due to self-charge injection into the redox active polymeric system. Galvanostatic intermittent titration and electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance studies indicate the kinetics of self-charge injection are quite faster and sustainable in polypyrrole based RLG, recovering more than 70% signal in just 14 s with minor signal reduction at the end of 10000 cycles. These remarkable properties of RLGs are extended to design a security sensor which can detect and count intruders in a locality with decent precision and switching speed.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b00823

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b00823

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