3 years ago

PufQ regulates porphyrin flux at the haem/bacteriochlorophyll branchpoint of tetrapyrrole biosynthesis via interactions with ferrochelatase

PufQ regulates porphyrin flux at the haem/bacteriochlorophyll branchpoint of tetrapyrrole biosynthesis via interactions with ferrochelatase
Philip J. Jackson, C. Neil Hunter, Mark J. Dickman, Jack W. Chidgey
Facultative phototrophs such as Rhodobacter sphaeroides can switch between heterotrophic and photosynthetic growth. This transition is governed by oxygen tension and involves the large-scale production of bacteriochlorophyll, which shares a biosynthetic pathway with haem up to protoporphyrin IX. Here, the pathways diverge with the insertion of Fe2+ or Mg2+ into protoporphyrin by ferrochelatase or magnesium chelatase, respectively. Tight regulation of this branchpoint is essential, but the mechanisms for switching between respiratory and photosynthetic growth are poorly understood. We show that PufQ governs the haem/bacteriochlorophyll switch; pufQ is found within the oxygen-regulated pufQBALMX operon encoding the reaction centre-light harvesting photosystem complex. A pufQ deletion strain synthesises low levels of bacteriochlorophyll and accumulates the biosynthetic precursor coproporphyrinogen III; a suppressor mutant of this strain harbours a mutation in the hemH gene encoding ferrochelatase, substantially reducing ferrochelatase activity. FLAG-immunoprecipitation experiments retrieve a ferrochelatase-PufQ-carotenoid complex, proposed to regulate the haem/bacteriochlorophyll branchpoint by directing porphyrin flux towards bacteriochlorophyll production under oxygen-limiting conditions. The co-location of pufQ and the photosystem genes in the same operon ensures that switching of tetrapyrrole metabolism towards bacteriochlorophyll is coordinated with the production of reaction centre and light harvesting polypeptides. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. The switch from aerobic to photosynthetic growth in the purple photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides is based on oxygen availability. Here we demonstrate that the pufQ gene product regulates this switch via interactions with ferrochelatase, which drives porphyrin flux towards bacteriochlorophyll rather than haem. The co-location of pufQ and photosystem genes in the pufQBALMX operon ensures that switching tetrapyrrole metabolism towards bacteriochlorophyll is coordinated with the production of reaction centre and light harvesting polypeptides.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/mmi.13861

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