4 years ago

Title: In situ depot formation of anti-HIV fusion-inhibitor peptide in recombinant protein polymer hydrogel

Title: In situ depot formation of anti-HIV fusion-inhibitor peptide in recombinant protein polymer hydrogel
Most peptide drugs have short half-lives, necessitating frequent injections that may induce skin sensitivity reactions; therefore, versatile prolonged-release delivery platforms are urgently needed. Here, we focused on an oxidatively and thermally responsive recombinant elastin-like polypeptide with periodic cysteine residues (cELP), which can rapidly and reversibly form a disulfide cross-linked network in which peptide can be physically incorporated. As a model for proof of concept, we used enfuvirtide, an antiretroviral fusion-inhibitor peptide approved for treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. cELP was mixed with enfuvirtide and a small amount of hydrogen peroxide (to promote cross-linking), and the soluble mixture was injected subcutaneously. The oxidative cross-linking generates a network structure, causing the mixture to form a hydrogel in situ that serves as an enfuvirtide depot. We fabricated a series of enfuvirtide-containing hydrogels and examined their stability, enfuvirtide-releasing profile and anti-HIV potency in vitro. Among them, hydrophobic cELP hydrogel provided effective concentrations of enfuvirtide in blood of rats for up to 8 hr, and the initial concentration peak was suppressed compared with that after injection of enfuvirtide alone. cELP hydrogels should be readily adaptable as platforms to provide effective depot systems for delivery of other anti-HIV peptides besides enfuvirtide. Statement of Significance In this paper, we present an anti-HIV peptide delivery system using oxidatively and thermally responsive polypeptides that contain multiple periodic cysteine residues as an injectable biomaterial capable of in situ self-gelation, and we demonstrate its utility as an injectable depot capable of sustained release of anti-HIV peptides. The novelty of this work stems from the platform employed to provide the depot encapsulating the peptide drugs (without chemical conjugation), which consists of rationally designed, genetically engineered polypeptides that enable the release rate of the peptide drugs to be precisely controlled.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1742706117306530

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