3 years ago

Impaired anti-inflammatory activity of PPARγ in the salivary epithelia of Sjögren's syndrome patients imposed by intrinsic NF-κB activation

Sjögren's syndrome (SS) patients manifest inflammation in the salivary glands (SG) and evidence of persistent intrinsic activation of ductal SG epithelial cells (SGEC), demonstrable in non-neoplastic SGEC lines derived from patients (SS-SGEC). The peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) mediates important anti-inflammatory activities in epithelial cells. Herein, the comparative analysis of SG biopsies and SGEC lines obtained from SS patients and controls had revealed constitutively reduced PPARγ expression, transcriptional activity and anti-inflammatory function in the ductal epithelia of SS patients that were associated with cell-autonomously activated NF-κB and IL-1β pathways. Transcriptome profiling analysis revealed several differentially expressed proinflammatory and metabolism-related gene sets in SS-SGEC lines. These aberrations largely correlated with the severity of histopathologic lesions, the disease activity and the occurrence of adverse manifestations in SS patients studied, a fact which corroborates the key role of the persistently-activated epithelia in the pathogenesis of both local and systemic features of this disease. The treatment of control SGEC lines with PPARγ agonists was found to diminish the NF-κB activation and apoptosis induced by proinflammatory agents. In addition, the in-vitro application of PPARγ agonists and pharmacologic inhibitors of IL-1β and NF-κB had significant beneficial effects on SS-SGEC lines, such as the restoration of PPARγ functions and the reduction of their intrinsic activation, a fact which may advocate the future clinical study of the above agents as therapeutic modalities for SS.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0896841117303931

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