3 years ago

Interferon Regulatory Factor 5 (IRF5) Interacts with the Translation Initiation Complex and Promotes mRNA Translation During the Integrated Stress Response to Amino Acid Deprivation

Wu, Wiley, Warner, M., Y.-Y., Gaffney, F., P. M., K. L., Tessneer, A., Yanagiya, Kinter, J. D., Wen
Interferon Regulatory Factor 5 (IRF5) plays an important role in limiting pathogenic infection and tumor development. Host protection by IRF5 can occur through a variety of mechanisms including production of type I interferon and cytokines as well as the regulation of cell survival, growth, proliferation, and differentiation. While modulation of these cellular processes is attributed to IRF5 transcription factor function in the nucleus, emerging evidence suggests that IRF5 may also retain non-transcriptional regulatory properties within the cytoplasmic compartment. Consistent with this notion, we report the ability of IRF5 to control gene expression at the level of mRNA translation. Our findings demonstrate that IRF5 interacts with the translation initiation complex in the absence of the m7GTP cap-binding protein, eIF4E. We observed that under nutrient deprivation-induced cell stress, IRF5 promoted mRNA translation of the master integrated stress response (ISR) regulator, Activating Transcription Factor 4 (ATF4). Enhanced ATF4 protein expression correlated with increased levels of downstream target genes including CHOP and GADD34 and was associated with amplification of eIF2a de-phosphorylation and translational de-repression under stress. The novel mechanism we describe broadens our understanding of how IRF5 regulates gene expression and may govern diverse cellular processes in the absence of stimuli that trigger IRF5 nuclear translocation.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/163998v1

DOI: 10.1101/163998

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